Research - 23.08.2023 - 09:00
Payments with a mobile device such as a cell phone, tablet, or smartwatch are now the third largest payment method, accounting for 21% of the total number of transactions. On the one hand, this includes payments directly via the bank account, for example with TWINT, but on the other hand also payments with a credit or debit card stored in an app, such as with Apple Pay or Samsung Pay. Payments are most frequently made with a physical debit card (29% of payments), closely followed by cash (28%). This is the result of the ninth Swiss Payment Monitor (SPM) conducted by ZHAW and the Center for Financial Services Innovation at the University of St.Gallen. For the survey, around 1,450 people were questioned in May 2023, representing the whole of Switzerland.
Compared to the other means of payment, the frequency of debit card use has increased since the last survey six months ago, including as a deposited means of payment in mobile transactions." The new generation of debit cards is online-enabled and offers new possibilities, increasing the appeal of debit cards and promoting mobile payments," says Tobias Trütsch, a payment economist at the University of St.Gallen. This is also evident in the increasing use of debit cards in distance transactions (+4 percentage points), where they now account for 14% of transactions, placing them fourth.
Twint is the most frequently used mobile payment method in Switzerland. Overall, one in ten payments is already made with Twint. "Twint is playing an increasingly important role in the face-to-face business, which accounts for 86% of all payments," says ZHAW payments expert Marcel Stadelmann. "With an increase from 4% to 7% in terms of the number of transactions, Twint is showing star-king growth in on-site payments." In the distance business, Twint is now in first place with a share of 33% in terms of the number of transactions, followed by credit card as a billing product (27%) and invoice (21%). In terms of revenue share, however, Twint's 20% share of the distance business is still well behind the bill (49%) and the credit card as a billing product (24%).
Cash usage has slightly declined compared to the previous survey (-1.1 percentage points), after stabilizing in 2022. However, cash remains the second most frequently used payment method, accounting for around 28% of transactions.
In contrast, the proportion of supporters and users of cash has increased. More people oppose the abolition of cash. Moreover, the percentage of the Swiss population that usually carries cash in their wallets has increased, after steadily decreasing in recent years.
Cash has already been withdrawn at the checkout counter by one fifth of the Swiss population (so-called "cash-back method"). Convenience, time savings, and fee-free transactions are mentioned as reasons. "Often, for respondents, there is no nearby ATM or bank counter, especially in rural areas," explains Tobias Trütsch. "Alternative cash withdrawal methods will become more important in light of decreasing ATMs and bank branches."
The Swiss Payment Monitor (SPM) is a long-term study series published semi-annually to provide timely insights into the payment behaviour of the Swiss population. It was first published in 2018 and is based on both representative survey data from online and diary surveys, as well as public data from the Swiss National Bank. In the first half of May 2023, approximately 1450 individuals aged 18 and above from all three language regions were surveyed regarding their payment habits and attitudes towards (innovative) payment methods.
The SPM is published by the Swiss Payment Research Center at ZHAW School of Management and Law and the Swiss Payment Behaviour Lab at the University of St.Gallen. The study is funded by the two research institutions, the Swiss Payment Association (industry organization of major Swiss issuers of credit cards from international card organizations), as well as industry partners Nets (Nets Schweiz AG) and Worldline | SIX Payment Services.
Image: Unsplash / Christiann Koepke
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