Examinations Different types of examinations are a regular part of the academic year. In addition to the traditional extensive written examinations, these also include seminar and course papers, group work and oral examinations. Grading scale Each completed examination is graded according to a grading scale from 6.0 (excellent) to 1.0 (useless). Satisfactory results are awarded grades from 6.0 to 4.0 inclusive, while results graded 3.5 to 1.0 are insufficient. The grading scale in detail: Grading scale 6.0 excellent 5.5 very good 5.0 good 4.5 satisfactory 4.0 marginal 3.5 unsatisfactory 3.0 poor 2.5 poor to very poor 2.0 very poor 1.5 very poor to useless 1.0 useless The grading scale is identical for all levels (Assessment, Bachelor’s, Master’s, Ph.D.). A grade below 4.0 is insufficient. Half grades are awarded. Compensation All work is weighted using a Credit Point System. The examination grade multiplied by the number of credits produces the weighted credit points as a weighted subject grade (e.g. grade 4.0 x 6 credits = 24 weighted credit points). If a grade of less than 4.0 is received, negative weighted credit points (M-NCPs) are acquired. It is not possible to repeat examinations in case of insufficient examination results. Students accumulate negative weighted credit points and it is only when these exceed a certain number that the degree course is not passed at the first attempt. In the Assessment Year, students must not collect more than 12 M-NCPs, whereby a maximum of 4 M-NCPs are allowed in Contextual Studies. Passing and repeating You pass the Assessment Year when you reach 240 weighted credit points, have no more than 12 M-NCPs and have proven sufficient accounting skills. If you do not pass the Assessment Year, you can repeat it once. All examination parts must be completed again. With the exception of the accountancy examination, no credits can be given.