Critical Thinking and Cultural Awareness In the Critical Thinking and Cultural Awareness pillar at the Bachelor’s Level we offer you various perspectives in different subjects, which are used to introduce you to the fields in the humanities as well as social and cultural sciences. In the second and third academic years, the Critical Thinking and Cultural Awareness pillar consists of significantly more disciplines than at the Assessment Level. You will attend seminars comprising a total of 16 SWH; no more than one course is a language course. In each semester you can choose from about 30 different seminars from the following subjects: history, psychology, sociology, philosophy, legal History, philosophy of law, ethics and other subjects. In the cultural studies seminars, you analyse various objects (texts, images, music, etc.) from your own and from other cultures. Our goal is to develop your understanding of your own as well as other cultures. In each semester you can choose from about ten different courses from the following cultures: German speaking, French speaking, English speaking, Italian speaking, Spanish speaking, Russian speaking, East Asian cultures. Our requirements for completion of the Bachelor’s Level are more demanding than other universities: knowledge of two foreign languages. After the first foreign language at the Assessment Level, at the Lower Level I, you also select a second at the Higher Level II. There are three options available for the second certification of linguistic proficiency. You can attend a language course at the HSG, completing it with a positive grade and receiving credits and proof of linguistic proficiency. Each semester you have six to eight languages at Level II to choose from, the courses are listed according to the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR, C2 to A2). If your language proficiency is already satisfactory, you do not need to attend the course if you can successfully pass the test without course attendance (after successful registration). You will receive the certification of linguistic proficiency but no course credit, as you have not attended the course. You can demonstrate that you have successfully passed one of the language tests that we recognise. Here you can also receive the certification of linguistic proficiency but no course credit. You can find information on which tests we recognise and the relevant stipulations in the information on recognised language certificates. Whichever language that you began with at Level I during the Assessment Level can be continued at Level II. In this case, for your Bachelor’s degree you must demonstrate proficiency in this language as well as another language at Level I. We offer the appropriate courses for this (with a limited number of places available). For completion of Level I, no credits are awarded as part of the Bachelor’s Level.