Research stage During this stage you will focus on writing your doctoral thesis. In addition, you will attend an essay seminar and a thesis seminar. Compulsory Seminars In the "Essay Seminar" you will work on an essay suitable for publication. In the "Dissertation Seminar" you will present the interim results of your doctoral thesis. The compulsory seminars can only be attended after submitting the research proposal. Cumpulsory Courses Seminar Lecturer Term Essay Seminar Prof. Dr. Klaus Dingwerth Spring Dissertation Seminar Prof. James W. Davis, Ph.D. Spring Drafting the dissertation You can submit the thesis in the form of a complete book (monograph) or several essays (cumulative dissertation). You should decide on the format with your supervisor. For further details concerning the cumulative dissertation please refer to the corresponding guidelines (see "downloads"). Defence of the dissertation In the defence you demonstrate whether you have met the requirements of the doctoral thesis. The Dissertation Committee hosts the defence and assigns an appropriate grade. The defence lasts at least 60 minutes and is open to the public.